Rachel Pleasants McDonnell, Lisa Soricone, and Monique Sheen developed this publication to support colleges and other institutions that are searching for strategies to better provide comprehensive supports to students. The goal of this paper is to provide clarity on what it means to provide comprehensive support services, share what research says about effective practice, and provide some examples of cost-effective strategies that colleges are using to provide this high level of support.
Very low skill levels prevent millions of Americans from earning credentials that lead to family-supporting careers.
This initiative breaks through the barriers that get students stuck in remedial education and accelerates them through pathways to credentials. Breaking Through works with state-level college networks in:
- North Carolina
- Native-American Tribal Colleges (Oklahoma, Minnesota, Montana, North & South Dakota)
For too many adults in our country, very low academic and occupational skills have created almost insurmountable barriers to finding stable work at a decent wage. The academic needs of these adults are so great that they are unable to qualify for most postsecondary education programs. Even entry into technical training is out of reach. Whether they dropped out of high school or earned a diploma or GED, their literacy and math skills are below the eighth-grade level.
Four critical issues have limited the ability of community colleges to serve these lower-skilled adult students:
- Most Adult Basic Education programs proceed slowly, despite the urgency students feel to move quickly into good jobs.
- Few precollege programs provide the supports that many adults with low literacy skills require to overcome complex barriers to success.
- There are almost no financial aid incentives for low-skilled adults to invest the time needed to become eligible for college.
- Adult Basic Education programs are so disconnected from one another, even when housed in the same institution, that all but the most determined students are discouraged from completing a pathway into and through college.
Breaking Through enables lower-skilled adults to attain postsecondary credentials with labor market value. It helps community colleges accelerate Adult Basic Education students faster by combining basic skills and occupational training into one curriculum.
To date, 41 community colleges in 22 states have used Breaking Through’s four high-leverage strategies as a framework for their Adult Basic Education programs.
- Accelerated learning: Students learn material faster when it’s contextualized in terms of how they’ll apply it in their jobs and daily lives.
- Comprehensive supports: Social support services are crucial to helping students overcome non-academic barriers to completion that may be related to work or family.
- Labor market payoffs: Course content teaches skills that local employers need now.
- Aligning programs for low-skilled adults: Clear pathways from college into careers help students navigate their own process and stay motivated. Breaking Through links college programs with community-based programs to achieve this.
Breaking Through's recent accomplishments:
- State-level networks are thriving in Kentucky, Michigan, and North Carolina.
- All 15 Massachusetts community colleges will soon have access to Breaking Through programs, thanks to a Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training grant from the U.S. Department of Labor.
- 443 students earned 445 credentials at six Tribal Colleges over an 18-month partnership with the American Indian Higher Education Consortium.
- 6 national organizations spread Breaking Through’s successful model by launching Accelerating Opportunity, a seven-state, $15 million initiative to change how Adult Basic Education is delivered at the state level.